Polymer gels for controlling water thief zones in injection wells

  • Gustavo-Adolfo Maya-Toro Ecopetrol – Instituto Colombiano del Petróleo, Piedecuesta, Colombia
  • Rubén-Hernán Castro-García Ecopetrol – Instituto Colombiano del Petróleo, Piedecuesta, Colombia
  • Zarith del Pilar Pachón-Contreras. Ecopetrol – Instituto Colombiano del Petróleo, Piedecuesta, Colombia
  • Jose-Francisco Zapata-Arango Ecopetrol – Instituto Colombiano del Petróleo, Piedecuesta, Colombia
Keywords: Water injection, Bulk gels, Water channeling, Enhanced oil recovery, Conformance

Abstract

Oil recovery by water injection is the most extended technology in the world for additional recovery, however, formation heterogeneity can turn it into highly inefficient and expensive by channeling injected water. This work presents a chemical option that allows controlling the channeling of important amounts of injection water in specific layers, or portions of layers, which is the main explanation for low efficiency in many secondary oil recovery processes. The core of the stages presented here is using partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) cross linked with a metallic ion (Cr+3), which, at high concentrations in the injection water (5000 – 20000 ppm), generates a rigid gel in the reservoir that forces the injected water to enter into the formation through upswept zones.


The use of the stages presented here is a process that involves from experimental evaluation for the specific reservoir to the field monitoring, and going through a strict control during the well intervention, being this last step an innovation for this kind of treatments. This paper presents field cases that show positive results, besides the details of design, application and monitoring.

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How to Cite
Maya-Toro, G.-A., Castro-García, R.-H., Pachón-Contreras., Z. del P., & Zapata-Arango, J.-F. (2012). Polymer gels for controlling water thief zones in injection wells. CT&F - Ciencia, Tecnología Y Futuro, 5(1), 37-44. https://doi.org/10.29047/01225383.215

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Published
2012-11-30
Section
Scientific and Technological Research Articles