CFD Technique to calculate tube skin peak temperatures in refinery furnaces
Tube skin peak temperature is one of the major parameters in furnaces operation since they determine the life of the tubes and the extent of an operation run. This parameter is very difficult to calculate appropriately in magnitude and location within the furnace and commercial furnace simulators usually fail in its calculation. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is the only technique that calculates peak skin temperatures with great precision and accuracy since radiation and convective heat fluxes can be calculated taking into account every singularity of the geometry of the furnace and the burners. In this work is developed a technique to calculate this parameter using CFD commercial code (Ansys Fluent) and an in-house furnace simulator (EcoFursim), results of the simulations are compared with data from different furnaces from Barrancabermeja refinery (Barrancabermeja, Colombia) and good agreement is observed. Refinery furnace is referred in this paper to fired heaters for non reacting heat up of hydrocarbons or petroleum crude.
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