Thermohydraulic modeling in transient state for evaluation of pipeline shutdown and restart procedures
In order to study shutdown and re-start in heavy crude oil pipelines, a model was developed. It simulates, in a transient state, the behavior of pressure, flow and temperature variables, averaged over the cross-sectional area and as a function of time and the axial coordinate. The model was validated with actual operational data from a test case. Results obtained for different operating points, stopping time, crude properties, topographies and lengths are presented. Additionally, the governing equations are converted to dimensionless expressions in order to obtain the dimensionless numbers relevant to the re-start operation for crude oil pipelines.
 Davidson, M.R., Nguyen, Q.D., Chang, C., Rønningsen, H.P. A model for restart of a pipeline with compressible gelled waxy crude oil (2004) Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 123 (2-3), pp. 269-280. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2004.09.007
 Chang, C., Nguyen, Q.D., Rønningsen, H.P. Isothermal start-up of pipeline transporting waxy crude oil (1999) Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 87 (2-3), pp. 127-154. DOI: 10.1016/S0377-0257(99)00059-2
 Vinay, G., Wachs, A., Frigaard, I. Start-up transients and efficient computation of isothermal waxy crude oil flows (2007) Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 143 (2-3), pp. 141-156. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2007.02.008
 Vinay, G., Wachs, A., Agassant, J.-F. Numerical simulation of weakly compressible Bingham flows: The restart of pipeline flows of waxy crude oils (2006) Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 136 (2-3), pp. 93-105. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2006.03.003
 de Oliveira, G.M., Rocha, L.L.V.D., Franco, A.T., Negrão, C.O.R. Numerical simulation of the start-up of Bingham fluid flows in pipelines (2010) Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 165 (19-20), pp. 1114-1128. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2010.05.009
 Liu, E., Li, C., Jia, W., Peng, S., Wu, X., Xu, J. Simulation of shutdown and restarting process of heated oil pipelines (2010) 2010 2nd International Symposium on Information Engineering and Electronic Commerce, IEEC 2010, art. no. 5533271, pp. 35-38. DOI: 10.1109/IEEC.2010.5533271
 Li, C., Han, W. Unstable flow analysis of oil pipeline with gas (2006) Oil and Gas Storage and Transportation, 25 (2), pp 23-27.
 Oosterkamp, A., Helgaker, J.F., Ytrehus, T. Modelling of natural gas pipe flow with rapid transients-case study of effect of ambient model (2015) Energy Procedia, 64 (C), pp. 101-110. DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2015.01.013
 Frigaard, I., Vinay, G., Wachs, A. Compressible displacement of waxy crude oils in long pipeline startup flows (2007) Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 147 (1-2), pp. 45-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2007.07.002
 Sestak, J., Charles, M.E., Cawkwell, M.G., Houska, M. Start-up of gelled crude oil pipelines (1987) Journal of pipelines, 6, pp. 15–24.
 Cawkwell, M.G. & Charles, M.E. An improved model for start-up of pipelines containing gelled crude oil (1987) Journal of pipelines, 7, pp. 41-52.
 Wachs, A., Vinay, G., Frigaard, I. A 1.5D numerical model for the start up of weakly compressible flow of a viscoplastic and thixotropic fluid in pipelines (2009) Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 159 (1-3), pp. 81-94. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2009.02.002
 Majidi, S., Ahmadpour, A. Thermally assisted restart of gelled pipelines: A weakly compressible numerical study (2018) International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 118, pp. 27-39. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.10.098
 de Oliveira, G.M., Negrão, C.O.R. The effect of compressibility on flow start-up of waxy crude oils
(2015) Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 220, pp. 137-147. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2014.12.010
 Ahmadpour, A., Sadeghy, K., Maddah-Sadatieh, S.-R. The effect of a variable plastic viscosity on the restart problem of pipelines filled with gelled waxy crude oils (2014) Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 205, pp. 16-27. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2014.01.005
 Sun, G., Zhang, J., Ma, C., Wang, X. Start-up flow behavior of pipelines transporting waxy crude oil emulsion (2016) Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 147, pp. 746-755. DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2016.10.007
 Teng, H., Zhang, J. A new thixotropic model for waxy crude (2013) Rheologica Acta, 52 (10-12), pp. 903-911. DOI: 10.1007/s00397-013-0729-z
 Li, C., Jia, W., Liao, K., Wu, X. Heated Oil Pipeline Shutdown and Restart Simulation Software
Development Using VB and MATLAB Hybrid Programming (2012) International Journal of Education and Management Engineering, 2, pp. 6-12. DOI: 10.5815/ijeme.2012.02.02
 Patankar, S.V. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Taylor & Francis, Washington, 1980.
 Tannehill, J.C., Anderson, D.A., Pletcher, R.H. Computational fluid mechanics and heat transfer, Taylor & Francis, Washington, 1997.
 Phillips, D.A., Forsdyke, I.N., McCracken, I.R., Ravenscroft, P.D. Novel approaches to waxy crude restart: Part 1: Thermal shrinkage of waxy crude oil and the impact for pipeline restart (2011) Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 77, pp. 237–253. DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2010.11.009
 Martínez-Palou, R., Mosqueira, M.L., Zapata-Rendón, B., Mar-Juárez, E., Bernal-Huicochea, C., Clavel-López, J.C., Aburto, J. Transportation of heavy and extra-heavy crude oil by pipeline: A review (2011) Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 75, pp. 274–282. DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2010.11.020
 Gonçalves dos Santos, R., Briceño, M., Loh, W. Laminar pipeline flow of heavy oil–in–water emulsions produced by continuous in-line emulsification (2017) Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 156, pp. 827–834. DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2017.06.061
 Taborda, E., Alvarado, V., Cortés, F. Effect of SiO2-based nanofluids in the reduction of naphtha consumption for heavy and extra-heavy oils transport: Economic impacts on the Colombian market (2017) Energy Conversion and Management, 148, pp. 30-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.05.055
 Zhang, J., Chen, X.P., Zhang, D, Xu, J.Y., Rheological behavior and viscosity reduction of heavy crude oil and its blends from the Sui-zhong oilfield in China (2017) Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 156, pp. 563–574. DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2017.06.038
This journal uses Crossref's Cited-By and Reference Linking, so that we can display the citations registered in Crossref here.
This document does not have Crossref citations yet.